Discoveries – Many Creation Wed, 03 Aug 2022 01:30:00 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Discoveries – Many Creation 32 32 Galileo Mining Ltd sees polymetallic potential of Callisto discovery in latest drilling Wed, 03 Aug 2022 01:30:00 +0000

Galileo Mining Ltd (ASX:GAL) has received more encouraging multi-element analyzes from the second RC program on its discovery of Callisto as part of the Norseman project in WA.

Eight other holes returned assays of palladium, platinum, gold, copper and nickel, increasing Galileo’s confidence in the property.

Additionally, mineralization in the northern section of Callisto continues down to topsoil, where the shallowest intersection to date was made approximately 110 meters below surface.

Some of the best findings this time around – including some of the most superficial and profound results to date – included:

  • 27 meters at 1.44 g/t palladium, platinum and gold (3E), 0.23% copper and 0.25% nickel from 125 meters;
  • 29 meters at 1.41 g/t 3E, 0.24% copper and 0.24% nickel from 127 meters;
  • 28 meters at 1.20 g/t 3E, 0.25% copper and 0.26% nickel from 118 meters;
  • 25 meters at 1.18 g/t 3E, 0.20% copper and 0.25% nickel from 132 meters; and
  • 18 meters at 1.02 g/t 3E, 0.20% copper and 0.24% nickel from 214 meters and 3 meters at 1.62 g/t 3E, 0.20% copper and 0.21% nickel from 255 meters (ending in mineralization).

big picture

Mineralization at Callisto remains open in all directions and now extends over 300 meters on the south and central strike and over 200 meters on the north strike.

Consequently, Galileo continues to turn over the ground as part of its 10,000 meter drill program, designed to target both known mineralization and longitudinal potential up to one kilometer to the north.

In tandem, samples from the reported intersections will now be assayed for rhodium content, while assays from four other RC holes in the second program remain pending.

Looking north and west

Commenting on the latest results, Galileo Managing Director Brad Underwood said: “The Callisto discovery continues to grow with today’s assay results, including the shallowest and deepest mineralization deep intersected to date.

“Western drill holes on the northern lines contain significant grades just 110 meters below surface.

“These results indicate the potential for shallower mineralization to the west and along strike to the north.

“With no known outcrop and more than five kilometers of prospective deposit, we believe there is significant opportunity for additional shallow depth discoveries.

All eyes on NRC278

Underwood went on to say that the deepest results to date come from NRC278, which intersected sulphides in two zones.

“The lower zone is at the end of the borehole about 240 meters below the surface,” he explained.

“This drill hole will be completed with a diamond drill tail and the drill rig for this work is expected to arrive in mid-August.

“Mineralization is open in all directions and with the large-scale drill program underway, we look forward to expanding on this exciting new discovery.”

Don Harrington Discovery Center Presents New ‘Beyond: Unity in Community’ Exhibit | KAMR Mon, 01 Aug 2022 03:01:18 +0000

AMARILLO, Texas (KAMR/KCIT) — On Sunday, officials from the Don Harrington Discovery Center (DHDC) presented “Beyond: Unity in Community,” a new immersive cultural exhibit.

According to a DHDC press release, “Beyond: Unity in Community” is now opening a cultural exhibit at DHDC that will highlight different refugee communities in Amarillo and honor the unique lifestyles and contributions of members of our community.

The DHDC said the exhibit will feature the Karen community of Amarillo and the Karen lifestyle, food, environment and scientific contributions to Myanmar.

DHDC officials said that, according to US State Department data, Amarillo has the largest refugee population per capita of any city in Texas and is home to two refugee resettlement agencies that have resettled nearly 7,000 refugees. in the region between 2007 and 2017.

The makers of the Karen installation of the Beyond exhibition will include a traditional rice paddy hut on stilts and a processing area for rice (one of the main agricultural products in the region), a paddy field and 32 Kwekabaw mountain mural, a wardrobe area with traditional clothing, Karen games, native animals, native foods, traditional Karen instruments and music.

The DHDC also said Beyond provides cultural learning opportunities to more effectively engage young refugees in STEM concepts and potential STEM careers.

The Beyond exhibit is now open, in time for Karen Martyrs’ Day and the traditional Tied Wrist Ceremony in August.

New Plesiosaur Fossil Discovered – What It Means For The Loch Ness Monster Fri, 29 Jul 2022 17:52:36 +0000

Artist’s impression of a spinosaurus and a plesiosaur in a river. Credit: Dr Nick Longrich/University of Bath

Plesiosaur fossils discovered in an ancient river bed suggest that some species, traditionally considered sea creatures, could have lived in fresh water.

Fossils of small plesiosaurs, long-necked marine reptiles from the age of dinosaurs, have been discovered in a 100-million-year-old river system now found in Morocco’s Sahara Desert. This finding suggests that some species of plesiosaurs, previously thought to be sea creatures, may have lived in fresh water.

Plesiosaurs were prehistoric reptiles with small heads, long necks and four long fins. They were first discovered in 1823 by fossil hunter Mary Anning. They have inspired recreations of the Loch Ness Monster. However, unlike the Loch Ness monster, plesiosaurs were marine animals – or were widely believed to be.

Now scientists have brought back small plesiosaurs from a Cretaceous-old river in Africa. The researchers were from the University of Bath and University of Portsmouth in the UK and Hassan II University in Morocco.

Plesiosaur tooth

A plesiosaur tooth recovered from the old river bed. Credit: Dr Nick Longrich/University of Bath

Fossils discovered include adult bones and teeth three meters long and a baby’s arm bone 1.5 meters long. They indicate that these creatures regularly lived and fed in fresh water, alongside frogs, crocodiles, turtles, fish and the huge aquatic dinosaur. Spinosaurus.

These fossils suggest that plesiosaurs were adapted to tolerate fresh water, possibly even spending their lives there, like today’s river dolphins.

The new journal was edited by Georgina Bunker, a student at the University of Bath, with Nick Longrich from the Milner Center for Evolution at the University of Bath, David Martill and Roy Smith from the University of Portsmouth and Samir Zouhri from the University Hassan II.

Fossils that have been discovered include neck, back and tail vertebrae, lost teeth and an arm bone from a young juvenile.

“It’s scrappy stuff, but isolated bones tell us a lot about ancient ecosystems and the animals that are there. They’re so much more common than skeletons, they give you more information to work with,” said Dr. Nick Longrich, corresponding author of the article.

“The bones and teeth were found scattered and in different localities, not in skeletal form. So each bone and each tooth is a different animal. We have over a dozen animals in this collection.

While the bones provide information about where the animals died, the teeth are more interesting because they were lost while the animal was alive – so they show where the animals lived.

Plesiosaur Humerus

A plesiosaur humerus identified in the ancient riverbed. Credit: Dr Nick Longrich/University of Bath

Plus, the teeth show heavy wear, like those fish-eating dinosaurs Spinosaurus found in the same beds.

According to the researchers, this suggests that the plesiosaurs ate the same food – chipping their teeth off the armored fish that lived in the river. This suggests that they spent a lot of time in the river, rather than just occasional visitors.

While marine animals like whales and dolphins travel up rivers, either to feed or because they are lost, the number of plesiosaur fossils in the river suggests this is unlikely.

A more likely possibility is that plesiosaurs were able to tolerate both fresh and salt water, like some whales, such as the beluga.

It is even possible that plesiosaurs were permanent residents of the river, like modern river dolphins. The small size of plesiosaurs would have allowed them to hunt in shallow rivers, and fossils show an incredibly rich fish fauna.

Dr Longrich said: “We don’t really know why plesiosaurs are in fresh water.

“It’s a bit controversial, but who’s to say that because we paleontologists have always called them ‘marine reptiles’, they had to live in the sea? Many marine lineages have invaded fresh water.

Freshwater dolphins have evolved at least four times – in the Ganges, the Yangtze River and twice in the Amazon. A species of freshwater seal inhabits Lake Baikal, Siberia, so it is possible that plesiosaurs also adapted to freshwater.

Plesiosaurs belong to the family Leptocleididae – a family of small plesiosaurs often found in brackish or fresh water elsewhere in England, Africa and Australia. And other plesiosaurs, including the long-necked elasmosaurs, are found in brackish or freshwater in North America and China.

Plesiosaurs were a diverse and adaptable group and existed for over 100 million years. Based on what they found in Africa – and what other scientists have found elsewhere – the authors suggest that they may have repeatedly invaded fresh water to varying degrees.

Sizes of river plesiosaurs

The likely size of plesiosaurs in this river system. Credit: Dr Nick Longrich/University of Bath

“We don’t really know, honestly. This is how paleontology works. People ask, how can paleontologists know for sure the lives of animals that died out millions of years ago? The reality is that we can’t always. All we can do is make educated guesses based on the information we have. We will find more fossils. Perhaps they will confirm these assumptions. Maybe not.”

“It’s been really interesting to see the direction this project is taking,” said lead writer Georgina Bunker. The study first began as an undergraduate project involving a single bone, but over time more plesiosaur fossils began to appear, slowly providing a clearer picture of the animal.

The new discovery also expands the diversity of Morocco’s Cretaceous. According to Dr. Samir Zouhri, “This is another sensational discovery that adds to the many discoveries we have made in Kem Kem during the last fifteen years of work in this region of Morocco. Kem Kem was truly an incredible biodiversity hotspot in the Cretaceous.

“What amazes me,” said co-author Dave Martill, “is that the ancient Moroccan river contained so many carnivores all living side by side. It was not a place to go swimming.

But what does all this mean for the Loch Ness Monster? On some level, it’s plausible. Plesiosaurs were not confined to the seas, they inhabited fresh water. But the fossil record also suggests that after nearly one hundred and fifty million years, the last plesiosaurs finally died out along with the dinosaurs, 66 million years ago.

Reference: “Plesiosaurs from the fluvial Kem Kem Group (mid-Cretaceous) of Eastern Morocco and a review of non-marine plesiosaurs” by Georgina Bunker, David M. Martill, Roy Smith, Samir Zourhi and Nick Longrich, July 21, 2022, Cretaceous research.
DOI: 10.1016/j.cretres.2022.105310

]]> Elden Ring Player Makes An Interesting Discovery From The Wandering Noble Spirit’s Ashes Wed, 27 Jul 2022 23:51:00 +0000

Ring of Elden has a ton of mechanics he lets players discover, including his Spirit Ashes. It may take players a while to figure out when/where these summons will work, but when they do, players can trivialize a ton of Ring of Elden the boss fights with the good guys. There is, however, some disparity in terms of the viability of each summon, leading many players to only use a handful. For example, the Mimic Tear was nerfed shortly after release simply because of how many players flocked to it quickly compared to other summons.


Still, the community focused on a handful of additional Spirit Ashes meta, leaving many behind quickly in Ring of Eldenis the start of the game. That’s even if they used them at all. For this reason, some unique interactions have been missed by humans. The Latenna Albinauric summon is a great example of this, as it is possible for him to mount and ride certain wolves. This is partly because where these summons can work don’t often overlap with the types of wolves Latenna can ride, but it’s interesting nonetheless. Something similar happens with the Wandering Noble Spirit Ashes.

RELATED: Elden Ring Player Makes Heartbreaking Discovery After Fighting Mohg For Two Days

Wandering Noble Ashes will summon 5 Nobles that can attack enemies in melee range. They’re based on the Nobles scattered around The Lands Between, one of the most common enemy types, so that spiritual ash can be skipped for better. It is not commonly used. However, a Redditor named harissss revealed that he has a special interaction against the Flying Dragon Agheel boss fight.

They recently shared a video with Ring of Elden‘s subreddit, where they attempt this summon while battling Agheel. Instead of moving in and fighting as planned, they instead ran, hid, and cowered against the dragon. A leading commentary on this specific situation suggests that Spirit Ashes retains the original creatures’ AI and that noble enemies in Ring of Elden are designed to react this way to dragons. It’s an interesting detail and easily missed, but it adds a bit more realism to the otherwise fantastical world of The Lands Between.

Elden Ring’s vision of its open world fills it with mystery, and it stands to reason that there are a few things left to discover. Fans will likely continue to discover details like this for years to come, and it’s possible that FromSoftware will release Ring of Elden DLC that adds even more to its various mysteries. Everything remains to be seen, of course, but who knows what else remains hidden in the open-world game FromSoftware.

Ring of Elden is available now for PC, PS4, PS5, Xbox One and Xbox Series X.

MORE: The Tallest Trees in Video Games

Astronomers have found a particularly sneaky black hole – discovery sheds light on star death, black hole formation and gravitational waves Mon, 25 Jul 2022 12:10:30 +0000

There is always something new and exciting happening in the field of black hole research.

Albert Einstein first published his book explaining the theory of general relativity – which postulated black holes – in 1922. One hundred years later, astronomers captured actual images of the black hole at the center of the Milky Way. In a recent paper, a team of astronomers describes another exciting new discovery: the first “dormant” black hole observed outside the galaxy.

I am an astrophysicist who has studied black holes – the densest objects in the universe – for almost two decades. Dormant black holes are black holes that emit no detectable light. Thus, they are notoriously hard to find. This new discovery is exciting because it provides insight into the formation and evolution of black holes. This information is essential for understanding gravitational waves as well as other astronomical events.

What exactly is VFTS 243?

VFTS 243 is a binary system, meaning it is made up of two objects that orbit around a common center of mass. The first object is a very hot blue star with 25 times the mass of the Sun, and the second a black hole nine times more massive than the Sun. VFTS 243 is located in the Tarantula Nebula in the Large Magellanic Cloud, a Milky Way satellite galaxy located approximately 163,000 light-years from Earth.

This video begins with a view of the Milky Way and zooms in to VFTS 243, which is located in the Large Magellanic Cloud.

The black hole in VFTS 243 is considered dormant because it emits no detectable radiation. This is in stark contrast to other binary systems in which strong X-rays are detected from the black hole.

The black hole is about 33 miles (54 kilometers) in diameter and is dwarfed by the energetic star, which is about 200,000 times larger. Both rapidly revolve around a common center of mass. Even with the most powerful telescopes, visually the system appears to be a single blue dot.

Find dormant black holes

Astronomers suspect that there are hundreds of these binary systems with black holes that don’t emit X-rays hidden in the Milky Way and the Large Magellanic Cloud. Black holes are most easily seen when they remove matter from a companion star, a process known as “feeding”.

The power supply produces a disk of gas and dust that surrounds the black hole. As material from the disk falls toward the black hole, friction heats the accretion disk to millions of degrees. These hot disks of matter emit an enormous amount of X-rays. The first black hole to be detected in this way is the famous Cygnus X-1 system.

On the left is an optical image showing Cygnus X-1 surrounded by a red frame. On the right is an artist’s rendition showing the outer layers of the black hole siphoning material from the companion star and forming an accretion disk.
X-rays: NASA/CXC; Optics: digitized sky survey, CC BY-NC

Astronomers have known for years that VFTS 243 is a binary system, but whether the system is a pair of stars or a dance between a single star and a black hole was unclear. To determine which was true, the team studying the binary used a technique called spectral disentanglement. This technique separates the light from VFTS 243 into its constituent wavelengths, which is similar to what happens when white light enters a prism and the different colors are produced.

This analysis revealed that the light from VFTS 243 came from a single source, not two separate stars. With no detectable radiation emanating from the star’s companion, the only possible conclusion was that the second body in the binary is a black hole and thus the first dormant black hole found outside the Milky Way galaxy.

A black dot and a big blue star rotate around each other.
In the VFTS 243 system, the stellar companion and the black hole (which are not shown to scale) orbit each other. Note that there is no accretion disk present.
ESO/L. Calcada, CC BY

Why is VFTS 243 important?

Most black holes with a mass of less than 100 Suns are formed from the collapse of a massive star. When this happens there is often a huge explosion known as a supernova.

The fact that the black hole in the VFTS 243 system is in a circular orbit with the star is strong evidence that there was no supernova explosion, which otherwise could have kicked the black hole out of the system – or at the very least disrupt the orbit. Instead, it appears the progenitor star collapsed directly to form the black hole without an explosion.

The massive star in the VFTS 243 system will only live another 5 million years – a nod to astronomical timescales. The death of the star should lead to the formation of another black hole, turning the VFTS 243 system into a black hole binary.

To date, astronomers have detected nearly 100 events where binary black holes merge and produce ripples in spacetime. But how these binary black hole systems form is still unknown, which is why VFTS 243 and similar systems yet to be discovered are so vital for future research. Maybe nature has a sense of humor – because black holes are the darkest objects in existence and emit no light, but they illuminate our basic understanding of the universe.

New discovery could lead to better cancer treatment Sat, 23 Jul 2022 17:55:45 +0000

A type of T cell known as CD4-positive T helper cells has been identified by researchers. These T cells have contributed to the development of a series of antitumor immune mechanisms that allow killer cells to infiltrate deeper into melanomas and breast cancer tumors.

The discovery could improve cancer immunotherapy, a promising therapy that targets cancer cells using the body’s immune system rather than radiation.

Previously considered a simple helper of the immune system, a kind of white blood cell now seems to be the initiator of the body’s defenses against cancerous tumours. The discovery could improve cancer immunotherapy, a promising treatment that targets cancer cells using the body’s immune system rather than radiation.

Washington State University researchers found in an animal study that a population of T cells called CD4-positive T helper cells help initiate a chain of anti-tumor immune defenses that enhance the ability of killer cells to infiltrate melanoma and breast cancer tumors. T cells are a subset of white blood cells called lymphocytes, which circulate throughout the body via the lymphatic system.

The involvement of a specific subset of killer cells known as CD8-positive T cells has been the subject of several previous studies as well as contemporary immunotherapies. However, less than 20% of patients respond to such treatments, and Hui Zhang, the study’s lead author, suggested that the initiating role of CD4-positive helper cells could improve such treatments. The results were recently published in the Journal of Immunology.

“One of the most challenging aspects of current cancer immunotherapy is the low response rate,” said Zhang, assistant professor of pharmaceutical sciences at WSU. “The lack of knowledge on how to improve lymphocyte infiltration into the tumor hampers the success of improving the rate of response to cancer immunotherapy. Our finding holds promise for addressing this issue.

Cancer is the second leading cause of death nationally and globally. Currently, surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the conventional approaches to treating cancer. However, these approaches cannot cure many cancers because some become metastatic, spreading from the primary tumor throughout the body, and some cancer stem cells can become resistant to chemotherapy and radiation therapy.

A relatively new treatment, immunotherapy has shown promise in curing a range of cancers, but only a relatively small number of patients respond to it. Zhang’s research team hopes to change that through knowledge of the mechanisms that help kick-start the body’s immune defenses.

The immune system has two types of killer cells: CD8 positive T cells and so-called “natural killer” cells. Both can attack virus-infected cells and cancer cells.

Natural killer cells are innate and roam the body. They act as our immune system’s first line of defense but cannot recognize specific antigens on their own – toxins or other foreign substances in the body. After natural killer cells start functioning, CD8 positive T cells, which can recognize specific antigens, arrive. While CD8 positive T cells and their mechanisms have been well studied and are used in current immunotherapies, not much is known about how to activate the antitumor function of natural killer cells.

Using genetic experiments in knockout mice, Zhang’s group found evidence that a certain type of CD4-positive T cells, called tissue-resident memory T cells, may be essential for the activation of these front lines of natural killer cell advocates. Their experiments showed that they were effective against melanoma and breast cancer tumors.

“We found that this specific population of CD4 T cells was the key player in initiating antitumor immunity,” Zhang said.

Specific CD4 T cells, together with natural killer cells, not only killed tumor cells and controlled tumor progression, but also enhanced the infiltration of other white blood cells, or lymphocytes, into the tumor.

In future studies, the researchers plan to continue to investigate the precise cellular and molecular mechanisms of this antitumor immunity, first in mice to develop effective immunotherapy against cancer. Next, the team hopes to move on to clinical trials on human subjects.

“Our goal is to develop a powerful cancer immunotherapy approach that is effective for all patients with different types of cancer,” Zhang said.

Reference: “Tissue-resident memory CD4+ T cells play a dominant role in the initiation of antitumor immunity” by Hui Zhang, Zhaohui Zhu, Samantha Modrak, and Alex Little, June 15, 2022, The Journal of Immunology.
DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.2100852

This study was funded by the National Institutes of Health as well as start-up funds from the WSU College of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

]]> World War I graphic novel discovery could rewrite the history books Fri, 22 Jul 2022 03:18:13 +0000

Traditionally, ‘graphic novels’ are thought to be a relatively recent phenomenon, with American cartoonist Will Eisner’s 1978 book A contract with God and other building stories generally acclaimed as the first of its kind.

However, the hitherto unknown Journey and Adventures of a Good Little German in Kangaroolanda five-part autobiographical graphic novel from 1916-19 recently donated to the University of Adelaide Library’s Special Collections, may well rewrite the history books.

For comic book aficionados, the term “graphic novel” is sometimes dismissed as a marketing term – a way of making seemingly simple comic books (which originated in the early 1900s, initially as comic strip collections newspaper comics) more palatable and acceptable to a wider readership.

Others would say that graphic novels have evolved into a distinct and sophisticated art form, a unique combination of text and sequential visual storytelling capable of rich and compelling expression – typified by works such as Art Spiegelman Maus (1980), by Alison Bechdel Fun Home: A Tragicomic Family (2006) and in Australia, the Stella Prize of Mandy Ord in selection When one person dies, the whole world is over (2019), Pat Grant’s Cave (2020) and NSW Premier’s Literary Award-winning Book of the Year, Still Alive: Notes from the Australian Immigration Detention System by Safdar Ahmed (2021).

Now researchers at the University of Adelaide believe they have discovered (or rediscovered) the world’s first autobiographical graphic novel.

Journey and Adventures of a Good Little German in Kangarooland

Drawn by C. Friedrich, a previously unknown German cartoonist while he was detained between 1916 and 1919 in an Australian internment camp, the rare publications are kept in the special collections of the university library.

Journey and Adventures of a Good Little German in Kangarooland was given by a former student of the university and has been studied extensively by Dr. Aaron Humphrey, Lecturer in Digital Media and Humanities, and Dr. Simon Walsh, Lecturer in German Studies, of the School of Humanities from the University of Adelaide.

‘Journey and Adventures of a Good Little German in Kangarooland, features an autobiographical character who begins a new life in Australia. Upon arrival he is suspected of being a spy during World War I and is sent to Holsworthy internment camp in Liverpool, New South Wales, the same camp where Friedrich was held,” Humphrey said. .

“While autobiographical graphic novels have become a very popular literary genre during the 21st century, their history is generally assumed to begin with underground comix – small press or self-published comics – in the 1970s. nearly half a century earlier, calls this history into question.

“We believe this collection of autobiographical comics may be the first of its kind: perhaps the earliest known example of what we would today call an autobiographical graphic novel,” he said.

The cover of Journey and Adventures of a Good Little German in Kangarooland. Picture provided.

Humphrey is presenting his and Walsh’s research at Comic-Con International 2022 in San Diego, which runs Thursday, July 21 through Sunday, July 24.

The comic paints a portrait of life and struggles in the camp. University experts say this topic is still relevant today.

Walsh said, “Friedrich’s stories emphasize the struggles of inmates and underscore the human and emotional cost of borders. Differences in language and national identity are not insurmountable. Instead, it is the draconian fences, bayonets and detention systems that are enacted without just cause that separate people from each other and their common humanity.

“It is a remarkable document of the German-Australian experience during the First World War, an important part of Australia’s cultural heritage, and is of international significance as an early example of one of the great literary innovations of the XXth century.”

A significant discovery

Whether Friedrich’s comics are graphic novels or not, a topic that is sure to be discussed at length in the weeks and months to come, their discovery is certainly an important addition to the history of the art form in Australia.

As Melbourne-based comic book artist, publisher and critic Bernard Caleo told ArtsHub: “It’s an important discovery that fits into the tradition of comics in Australia (think Melbourne Punch of 1855 and Sydney The bulletin, from 1880) but broadens it considerably due to the personal, rather than satirical or humorous, use to which the mixture of words and images from the books is devoted.

“Indeed, it was only in the underground of the 1970s (think of the American Justin Green Binky Brown meets the Blessed Virgin Mary1972) that the idea of ​​using comic book language to bare one’s soul reached a wider audience, leading to the work of Art Speigelman Maus (1986).

‘And although I must admit that I am one of the editors of the book, the graphic novel by Safdar Ahmed Still alive (Twelve Panels Press, 2021), combining as he does autobiography with accounts of incarceration in Australia, in this case of asylum seekers, can now be seen as part of a tradition of Australian journalistic cartooning dating back over a hundred years old,’ Caleo said.

Lily: The many Australias of our graphic novels

C. Friedrich has since fallen into oblivion, and it is unclear whether it was his real name or a pseudonym.

Despite this, her work lives on in the University Library’s Special Collections, thanks to a recent gift from University of Adelaide alumnus Sally Goers Fox on behalf of the Goers family.

As Goers Fox explained, “The comics were brought from the internment camp by my great-uncle, Hermann Carl “Charlie” Goers, the editor of a local Barossa Valley newspaper, who was imprisoned alongside Friedrich due to his German background, although he was born in Australia.

“I have donated the comics to the University of Adelaide to ensure that the history of the camps and the experiences of the prisoners are remembered. It is appropriate that the comics be kept in the university library where they will be read, sought and enjoyed for years to come.

His gift, consisting of five small books, is the only complete collection of Friedrich’s five books known to exist.

The University Library’s Special Collections has digitized the five books, which are accessible via Adelaide Connect. Adelaide Connect is open access to historical resources, making these books accessible to anyone, anywhere in the world.

Dr. Humphrey and Dr. Walsh published their findings in the International Review of Comic Book ArtVolume 22 number 2 (2021).

Drug Discovery Outsourced Market Size Expected to Reach US$56.7 Billion at a CAGR of 12.1% by 2028 | Share analysis, future prospects, growth estimation and industry trends Wed, 20 Jul 2022 12:34:57 +0000


Outsourced drug discovery is a contractual procedure conducted by contract research organizations (CROs) and contract manufacturing organizations (CMOs) (CMOs). Contract research organizations provide drug discovery and development assistance to the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries. CROs support drug discovery and development services such as biopharmaceutical development, bioassay development, preclinical research, clinical trials, and pharmacovigilance.

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The partnership tactics employed by major players in the drug research and development process are expected to drive the global outsourced drug discovery market across the globe. For example, in April 2019, Medicine Discovery Catapult partnered with 22 UK-based contract research groups and launched a virtual R&D discovery services platform staffed by over 20 CROs, which would help small and medium-sized companies to carry out drug discovery projects.

In addition, increased new site launches for the development of clinical research practices are expected to drive global growth. outsourced drug discovery market growth. For example, INC Research Holdings, Inc., a contract research company, formed the industry’s first Site Advocacy Group (SAG) in June 2015 to support the development and advancement of clinical research operations. SAG’s research and development operations focus on schizophrenia, depression and bipolar disease.

Key development:

The major players in the market are focusing on initiating drug development services. For example, in March 2018, Evotec AG announced INDiGO, a new drug discovery service. This service is employed during the drug research and development stages. INDiGO is an integrated drug development technology that helps accelerate drug development processes from candidate screening to NDA filing. It has the potential to shorten and reduce the cost of the drug development process. Also, the introductions of new drug discovery platforms are likely to drive the growth of the global outsourced drug discovery market.

Key players:

The major players active in the global outsourced drug discovery market are Bioduro LLC, Charles River Laboratories (CRL), Shanghai Medicilon, TCG Lifesciences, Chempartner, Syngene International Ltd. Jubilant Biosys Ltd, Evotec AG, Sundia Meditech Co. Ltd, Pharmaron Inc. and Aurigene Accelerating Discovery.

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Chapter 1 Industry overview
1.1 Definition
1.2 Assumptions
1.3 Scope of research
1.4 Market Analysis by Regions
1.5 Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Size Analysis from 2022 to 2028
11.6 COVID-19 Outbreak: Impact on Outsourced Drug Discovery Industry

Chapter 2 Global Outsourced Drug Discovery Competition by Types, Applications and Top Regions and Countries
2.1 Global Outsourced Drug Discovery (Volume and Value) by Type
2.3 Global Outsourced Drug Discovery (Volume and Value) by Regions

chapter 3 Generation market analysis
3.1 Global Production Market Analysis
3.2 Regional Production Market Analysis

Chapter 4 Global Outsourced Drug Discovery Sales, Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2017-2022)
Chapter 5 North America Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 6 East Asia Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 7 Analysis of the outsourced drug discovery market in Europe
Chapter 8 South Asia Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 9 Southeast Asia Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 10 Middle East Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 11 Market analysis of outsourced drug discovery in Africa
Chapter 12 Oceania Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 13 South America Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Analysis
Chapter 14 Company profiles and key figures of outsourced drug discovery business
Chapter 15 Global Outsourced Drug Discovery Market Forecast (2022-2028)
Chapter 16 conclusion
Research Methodology

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Dwayne Johnson is the master of ceremonies for Shark Week Mon, 18 Jul 2022 18:42:07 +0000

Shark Week begins on the Discovery Channel on July 24, and Dwayne Johnson is the first emcee of the televised event’s 34-year anniversary. Discovery will deliver 25 original episodes of shark content this week, featuring Tracy Morgan and the cast of Donkey and Inconvenient Wildcards appear in the schedule.

Johnson will kick off and close the first five nights of Shark Week.